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Assuming that those who subscribe to a 12th century or later view for the domestication of the camel in the ancient Near East are correct, there is still the possibility that domesticated camels existed in the Near East before the 12th century as imports from the East, instead of being locally domesticated.

As an answer to these ancient Bible texts that claim the Bronze Age use of domesticated camels, a common explanation offered is that later scribal substitution of "camel" for some other pack animal such as a donkey occurred.Yet, concerning the subsequent substitution of camel for another animal, Millard argues that a later writer making modifications in the text in an attempt to emphasize the wealth of the patriarchs would not substitute "camel" but instead "horse," since horses were expensive and valuable during the Iron Age.This is a plausible assertion that demonstrates a textual emendation from “horse” or another animal to “camel” would be highly unlikely.More clear evidence, however, comes from Bronze Age texts.Finkelstein and Silbermann state, “We now know through archaeological research that camels were not domesticated as beasts of burden earlier than the late second millennium and were not widely used in that capacity in the ancient Near East until well after 1000 BCE.”This stance is similar, but allowing for the possibility of a few centuries earlier on a much smaller scale.

Although several scholars assert that camels were not domesticated in the ancient Near East until about the 9th century BC, it may be significant that “by the middle of the ninth century cavalries were obviously well established, since at the Battle of Qarqar Shalmaneser III faced many men on horseback (and some on the backs of camels).” This use of domesticated camels in the context of the 9th century BC cavalry battle in the Levant suggests that camels had been domesticated for a significant length of time prior to the conflict, as use of a camel in warfare indicates a tradition of reliability in addition to complex training.In reality, there is abundant evidence that the Bible's mention of camels as early as the time of Abraham is contextually and historically accurate.In this article, TM Kennedy demonstrates the accuracy of the biblical texts in their historical setting as it pertains to camels.This carving predates the theory of several scholars by at a least century, and forces a recalibration of their theory.Moving past the 9th century BC theory and examining the viability of a 12th century BC theory, similar problems are discovered.For example, cuneiform texts which suggest the use of domesticated camels in the Bronze Age could not be attributed to later scribal emendations or copying error.